What is Nanotechnology?
Nanotechnology is the branch of technology that deals with dimensions and tolerances of less than 100 nanometers, especially the manipulation of individual atoms and molecules. Our micelle measure between one and four nanometers.
Mixed micelles are created as a result of a process in which natural ingredients, all extracts of plants, are blended at specific time intervals, temperatures and sequences, which causes the compositions to be transformed into new particles, which are colloidal micelles. They can also be described as a nano supramolecular surfactant. Nano sized emulsions offer many advantages over conventional chemicals in safety, sustainable results, more rapid and reliable activation and extended long-term effect.
Micelles represent the simplest association structures frequently formed by amphiphles in aqueous solutions. Micelles normally have particle size within the 5–50 nm range. They belong to a group of association or amphiphilic colloids, which form spontaneously under certain conditions of concentration and temperature from amphiphilic or surface active agents, molecules of which consist of two clearly distinct regions with opposite affinities toward a given solvent (Mittal and Lindman,1989).
At low concentrations in aqueous medium, these amphiphilic molecules exist separately; however, when their concentration is increased, aggregation takes place within a rather narrow concentration range. The concentration at which the monomeric amphiphile forms micelles is called the critical micelle concentration (CMC). The number of individual molecules forming a micelle is called the aggregation number of the micelles. The formation of micelles is driven by the decrease of free energy in the system because of the removal of the hydrophobic segments from the aqueous environment and reestablishing of hydrogen bond network in water. Additional energy gain results from formation of van der Waals attraction between hydrophobic blocks in the core of the formed micelles (Jones and Leroux,1999).
The hydrophobic part of the amphiphilic molecules forms the core of a micelle, while the hydrophilic part forms the micelles’ shell (Lasic,1992).
When used as carriers in the aqueous media, micelles solubilize molecules of poorly soluble non-polar particles within the micelle core, while polar molecules are adsorbed on the shell of the micelle. Micelle loading efficacy toward a hydrophobic particle should be between 5 and 25 wt.% (Trubetskoy and Torchilin,1995).
Such structures can deliver macromolecules because these molecules can provide sustained and controlled release of macromolecules, provide chemical and physical stability of the encapsulated molecules, favorable tissue distribution, and improve bioavailability.
What are Micelles?
How is PureCrop1 made?
PureCrop1 is produced by advanced developments in colloidal chemistry, which make it possible to produce a microscopic particle called a micelle. The micelle is comprised of a collection of linear molecules or fatty esters and fatty acids clumped together in the shape of a sphere that is about the size of 20 hydrogen atoms, or about one to four nanometers. The chemistry is in essence a form of natural quantum physics.
We do not add any thickeners, dyes, reagents or fragrance. For this, PureCrop1 is an extremely stable colloid. Addition of ingredients that do not serve a purpose at the nanoscale only interfere with the efficacy and stability of the finished product.
Alcohols are not used in the extraction of oils from inert ingredients, steam distillation is used instead.
Van Der Waals Attraction
Oils "Cast" into Micelle
Insects - PureCrop1 eliminates sap sucking insects by dissolving the membrane that makes up their bodies as well as interfering with the digestive enzymes in the gut that process their food. Sap sucking insects that vector pathogens differ from predatory insects (good bugs) by the enzymes that break down the food they eat. PureCrop1 does not harm the membrane or enzymes of beneficial insects and for this reason is a great addition to organic and sustainable farming.
Mold and Mildew - PureCrop1 lifts from the surface, washes away, and completely biodegrades mold and mildew. This action is similar to using soap, with the addition of biodegredation. The health of the plant is then increased by the action of our other ingredients and an environment unfavorable to mold and mildew growth is established by the plant on the leaf surface.
Plant Health - PureCrop1 was developed to increase the health and vitality of indoor and outdoor plants by feeding the mechanism responsible for the reproduction of cells. Nutrients feed the plant through minerals that need to be processed by the plant consuming energy (Fatty acids). PureCrop1 delivers these fatty acids directly to the phloem and xylem inside the plant where they are distributed and made immediately available to the plant. Because of the micelles ability to carry up to 25% of its molecular weight in additional polar and non-polar minerals, PureCrop1 distributes soluble and insoluble macro and micro nutrients throughout the plant. The combination of delivering bio-available nutrition and adding free energy makes the system more efficient, leading to healthier plants that grow faster, develop roots and foliage quickly and ripen early.
Colloids, also known as micelles, are microscopic substances that possess a very profound ability to reduce or penetrate surface tension. Their physical action is electrical in nature with each end possessing an opposite charge, which, along with its small size can allow easy penetration of certain biological membranes.
The electrical action of these colloids has a disruptive effect on an insect's ability to breathe. At the same time, various enzymes that support their simplistic life support system are unable to metabolize or tolerate diluted colloids and their constant expansion, effectively killing the insect. Humans and animals being of a more complex enzyme nature have no difficulty or problems in this regard.
PureCrop1 is a natural plant based biostimulant, insecticide and fungicide made of food grade oils that have been cast into micelles by our proprietary process.
Recent field research has revealed that the specialized proprietary blend of colloid based technology has a significant life enhancing effect on the overall health and growth of botanical life forms. The presence of this colloid blend has been clearly shown to provide the following beneficial effects for botanical life forms:
How does PureCrop1 work?
Our ingredients may seem unusual, but that is due to the unusual nature of our formula. There are two processes that occur in the manufacturing of PureCrop1, the first being saponification, or the creation of soap by combining fatty acids and an alkyl solvent. The second is the formation of micelles through careful precise temperature control over a specific period of time. Two oils are used for their individual concentrations of myristic, palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acids.
Soybean Oil - Fatty acid molecules that make up the micelle.
Corn Oil - Fatty acid molecules that make up the micelle.
Filtered Water - Solvent used to arrange, or cast and assemble molecules.
Glycerin - A release of glycerin from the fatty acid chain occurs as a part of saponification; the process used to make soap. Glycerin is also added to "superfat" the soap making it "softer" and able to hold more non-polar molecules.
Guar Gum - Arabinogalactan is a biopolymer consisting of arabinose and galactose monosaccharides. In plants, it is a major component of many gums, including guar gum. It is often found attached to proteins, and the resulting arabinogalactan protein (AGP) functions as both an intracellular signaling molecule and a glue to seal plant wounds.
Citric Acid - Provides compounds with ethanol and antibacterial properties.
Soap - Micelles are made from soap, however not all soap becomes micelle.
Vanillin - Boosts the performance of phytoalexins in the plant improving response to attacks by insects and pathogens.
Ingredients and their purpose